Tietze syndrome was first seen in 1921 by Alexander Tietze, a German surgeon. This syndrome exists when there is an inflammation of the costosternal joint, or the connection of the rib and sternum (also known as the breastbone). This cartilage inflammation can be painful and swell, causing the condition of Tietze syndrome. While there is no apparent cause of Tietze syndrome, it is linked to an injury to the chest, upper respiratory infections, physical strain, or severe coughing. Doctors typically will treat the symptoms of the pain and inflammation. Many times the pain of the condition can mimic a heart attack, with patients often seeking emergency treatment.
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